Holocaust Rescuers Bibliography: Rescuers during the Holocaust
Whosoever saves a single life...
The Holocaust is a history of overwhelming horror and enduring sorrow. Sometimes it seems as though there is no spark of human concern or kindness, no act of humanity, to lighten that dark history. Yet there were acts of courage and kindness during the Holocaust that can offer us some solace about our past and hope for our future. Indeed, individuals such as Hetty Voûte, groups such as the Utrecht Kindercomité, and in the case of Denmark, almost an entire country, reached out.
People like Andre Trocmé, the minister and spiritual leader of the village of Le Chambon-sur-Lignon, probably fit most closely our stereotypes of those who will help. Trocmé was clearly motivated by ethical and religious convictions. Yet many others, who could have been expected to hold similar beliefs, failed to act. Less expected is an Oskar Schindler, the opportunistic businessman who made a fortune using Jewish slave labor—and spent that fortune again to save the lives of those in his factory. What did they have in common?
What was it that led some people to reach out and help others, while most of the population around them did not? What was it, about individuals and societies, that led them to act on behalf of strangers? Perhaps, if we can begin to answer these questions, we can start to build societies in which such actions are more likely to happen, and in which genocide is less likely to occur.
The following bibliography lists hundreds of works (mostly in English) that discuss the lives and actions of rescuers during the Holocaust. Many entries include a link to enable the user to obtain more information about a particular title.
- Abraham-Podietz, Eva, & Fox, Anne. Ten Thousand Children: True Stories Told by Children who Escaped the Holocaust on the Kindertransport. Springfield, New Jersey: Behrman House, 1998.
- Abrahamsen, Samuel. Norway’s Response to the Holocaust. United States Holocaust, 1991.
One of the only books written about rescue in Norway. See also Cohen.
- Agar, H. The Saving Remnant: An Account of Jewish Survival. New York: Viking, 1960.
- Anger, Per. With Raoul Wallenberg in Budapest. (Firsthand account.) New York: Holocaust Library, 1981.
- Arnold, Elliot. A Night of Watching. New York: Scribner, 1967.
- Barfod, Jorgen H. The Holocaust Failed in Denmark. Copenhagen: Frihedsmuseets Venners, 1985.
- Bacque, J. Just Raoul: The Private War Against the Nazis of Raoul Laporterie, who Saved over 1,600 Lives in France. Rocklin, CA.: Prima Publishing, 1992.
- Bar-Zohar, Michael. Beyond Hitler's Grasp: The Heroic Rescue of Bulgaria's Jews.
- Bartoszewski, W. & Lewin, Z. The Righteous Among the Nations. London: Earls Court, 1969.
- Bartoszewski, W. & Lewinowna, Z. The Samaritans: Heroes of the Holocaust. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1970.
- Bauer, Yehuda. A History of the Holocaust. New York: Franklin Watts, 1 982.
- Bauer, Yehuda. Flight and Rescue: Brichah - The Organized Escape of the Jewish Survivors of Eastern Europe, 1944-1948. New York: Random House, 1970.
This book deals with displaced persons and the border crossings en route to Palestine.
- Bauer, Y. They Chose Life. New York: American Jewish Committee, 1973.
- Baumel, Judith Tydor. Unfulfilled Promise: Rescue and Resettlement of Jewish Refugee Children in the United States, 1934-1945. Juneau, Alaska, USA : Denali Press, 1990.
- Bauminger, A.L. The Righteous. Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 1983.
- Bar-Zohar, Michael. Beyond Hitler's Grasp: the Heroic Rescue of Bulgaria's Jews. Holbrook, Mass: Adams Media, 1998. New York: Adams Media Corporation, 2001.
- Beasley, Nancy Wright. Izzy's Fire: Finding Humanity in the Holocaust. Brunswick Publishing Corporation, 2004.
This book recounts the story of five Lithuanian Jewish families who escaped Kovno Ghetto and were ultimately hidden—and saved—by a Catholic farm family. Beasley draws from personal interviews, research and numerous memoirs.
- van Beek, Flory A. Flory: Survival in the Shadow of Death, 1940-1945. Santa Ana (CA): Seven Locks Press, 1998.
This graphic memoir was written by a Jewish woman who was helped by her Catholic boyfriend during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands, and survived underground in Rotterdam for the duration of the war.
- Benchley, Nathaniel. Bright Candles. New York: Harper and Row, 1974.
- Bentwich, Norman. They Found Refuge. London: The Cresset Press, 1956.
An account of the Kindertransport.
- Berenbaum, Michael. The World Must Know: The History of the Holocaust as Told in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Boston: Little, Brown & Company, 1993.
An excellent introduction to the history of the Holocaust, praised by Chaim Potok as “a vital guide” that “merits the widest of audiences.” ’The Last Chapter’ reviews rescuers and rescue attempts as well as the liberation of the camps. Very useful bibliographic notes and references.
- Berenstein, T. & Rutkowski, A. Assistance to the Jews in Poland (1939-1945). Warsaw: Polonia Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1963.
- Berg, Lars G. The Book That Disappeared: What Happened in Budapest.
- Bertelsen, Aage. October ’43. New York: Putnam, 1954.
- Bierman, John. Righteous Gentile: The Story of Raoul Wallenberg, Missing Hero of the Holocaust. New York: Viking Press, 1981.
- Bishop, C. H. Twenty and Ten. New York: Penguin, 1952.
- Biss, A. A Million Jews to Save. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1975.
- Blend, Martha. A Child Alone. London: Vallentine Mitchell & Co., 1995.
An account of the Kindertransport.
- Block, Gay & Drucker, Malka. Rescuers: Portraits of Moral Courage in the Holocaust. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1992.
This oversize almost-coffee-table book contains brief narratives from 49 European rescuers. Each chapter opens with photos of the rescuer from the time of the war, plus a short narrative or interview, followed by Block's full-page color portrait.
- Blond, S. The Righteous Gentiles. Tel Aviv: S. Blond, 1983.
- Boehm, E.H. We Survived: Fourteen Histories of the Hidden and Hunted of Nazi Germany. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1949; Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio Information Services, 1985.
- ten Boom, Corrie with John and Elizabeth Sherill. The Hiding Place New York: Bantam, 1974.
Corrie ten Boom was a devout Christian whose family rescued Jews in Holland during the war. Her narrative memoir, written with the help of John and Elizabeth Sherill, is a classic work, especially beloved by other Christians, who find in ten Boom someone who truly embodied the ideals of their faith.
- Brecher, Elinor J. Schindler’s Legacy: True Stories of the List Survivors. New York: Plume, 1994.
- Breitman, Richard, & Kraut, Alan M. American Refugee Policy and European Jewry, 1933-01945. Bloomington, Indiana, USA: Indiana University Press, 1987.
- Breznitz, S. Memory Fields: The Legacy of a Wartime Childhood in Czechoslovakia. New York: Knopf, 1992.
- Caracciolo, Nicola. Uncertain Refuge: Italy and the Jews during the Holocaust. Translated and Edited by Florette Rechnitz Koffler and Richard Koffler. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1995.
- Cohen, Maynard M. A Stand Against Tyranny: Norway's Physicians and the Nazis. Wayne State University Press, 2000.
One of the few books available about rescue in Norway. In sharp contrast to the infamous Nazi doctors in Germany, Norway's physicians were instrumental in leading the rescue efforts there. For more on rescue in Norway, see Abrahamsen.
- Daniel, Jamie et al. Raoul Wallenberg : One Man Against Nazi Terror (People Who Made a Difference).
- Deaglio, Enrico. The Banality of Goodness: The Story of Giorgio Perlasca. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1998.
- Des Pres, Terrence. The Survivor: An Anatomy of Life in the Death Camps. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976.
- Drucker, Malka & Halpern, M. Jacob's Rescue: A Holocaust Story. New York: Bantam Books, 1993. [Look also under Block]
- Drucker, Olga Levy. Kindertransport. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1995.
- Duffy, Peter. The Bielski Brothers: The True Story of Three Men Who Defied the Nazis, Built a Village in the Forest, and Saved 1,200 Jews. New York: Harper Perennial, 2004.
- Edelheit, Abraham J. The Yishuv in the Shadow of the Holocaust: Zionist Politics and Rescue Aliya, 1933-1939. Boulder: Westview Press, 1996.
- Eden, Thea Feliks. A Transported Life: Memories of Kindertransport. Santa Cruz, California: Herbooks, 1995.
- Epstein, Hedy. Erinnern Ist Nicht Genug. [translation: "Remembering is Not Enough."] Germany: Unrast Verlag, 1999.
An account of the Kindertransport.
- Fabre, Emil C. (Ed.) God's Underground. Translation by William & Patricia Nottingham. St. Louis, Mo.: Bethany, 1970.
An authoritative study of the rescue efforts of the Cimade, a group which helped people to escape throught the mountains of France into neutral Switzerland.
- Fackenheim, Emil. To Mend the World. New York: Schocken Books, 1989.
This philosophic work discusses the work and writings of White Rose member Kurt Huber, a philosophy professor in Germany who opposed the Nazis.
- Fein, Helen. Accounting for Genocide. New Brunswick: Free Press, 1979.
A sociological account of how genocide—as well as rescue—happens.
- Feingold, Henry L. The Politics of Rescue: The Roosevelt Administration and the Holocaust, 1938-1944. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1970.
Explores the political context in which a tragic American foreign policy of indifference played out.
- Fensch, Thomas. (ed.) Oskar Schindler and His List: The Man, the Book, the Film, the Holocaust and Its Survivors.
- Fenyvesi, Charles. When Angels Fooled the World: Rescuers of Jews in Wartime Hungary. University of Wisconsin Press, 2003.
Described by the Cleveland Plain Dealer as “a unique blend of passionate engagement and clear, level-headed analysis.”
- Fittko, Lisa. Escape Through the Pyrenees. Trans. David Koblick Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1991. Translation of Mein Weg ueber die Pyrenaeen, Erinnerungen 1940/41 (Munich: Carl Hanser Verlag, 1985).
- Fittko, Lisa. Solidarity and Treason, Resistance and Exile, 1933-1940. Trans. Roslyn Theobald. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 1993.
Translation of Solidaritaet Unerwuenscht, Erinnerungen 1933-1940 (Munich: Carl Hanser Verlag, 1992).
- Flaim, Richard, et al. (Eds.) The Holocaust and Genocide: A Search for Conscience. 2 volumes, 2nd edition. New York: Anti-defamation League of B’nai Brith, 1986.Curriculum guide and anthology on the Holocaust with units on rescue.
- Flender, Harold. Rescue in Denmark. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1963; Holocaust Library, 1980.
An account of the most successful collective rescue effort in Europe. When the Nazis attempted to deport Denmark's Jews, the Danes united to save over 90% of the Jewish population by ferrying them to safety in Sweden.
- Flim, Bert Jan. Saving the Children: History of the Organized Effort to Rescue Jewish Children in the Netherlands 1942 - 1945. Bethesda: CDL Press, 2005.
This slim volume by one of Holland's leading Holocaust historians uses lively quotations taken from interviews with people who worked to save Jewish children. Meticulously reseached, it conveys an accurate picture of the situation the rescuers faced, the dangers they endured, their goals and hopes, and their postwar feelings about what they did and, sometimes, what they were unable to do.
- Fogelman, Eva. Conscience and Courage: Rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust. New York: Anchor Books, Doubleday,1994.
A social psychologist and former director of the Jewish Foundation for Christian Rescuers, Dr. Fogelman presents many short vignettes about individuals who risked their lives to rescue Jews throughout Europe. Drawing on the research she conducted for her doctoral dissertation, she classifies the rescuers into five categories based on their motivations, and examines how the act of rescuing affected the rescuers’ self-image and identity, both during and after the war.
- Ford, H. Flee the Captor. Nashville: Southern Publishing Association, 1966.
- Fralon, Jose Alain. A Good Man in Evil Times: The Heroic Story of Aristides de Sousa Mendes—The Man Who Saved the Lives of Countless Refugess in World War II Carol & Graf, 2001.
The only book we have founded that has been translated into English about this Portuguese counsel to France who, like Raoul Wallenberg, Sugihara, and others, used his diplomatic privileges to issue visas that saved thousands of lives. Sadly, like many of these diplomats, he was condemned after the war for doing so. Still, Dr. Mendes insisted, “I prefer to be with God against one man, than with one man against God”. For more information about Mendes, click here.
- Friedenson, Joseph. Heroine of Rescuer: The Incredible Story of Recha Sternbuch Who Saved Thousands from the Holocaust. by Joseph Friedenson, David Kranzler; foreward by Julius Kuhl; Artscroll History Series. Brooklyn, N.Y.: Mesorah Publications, 1984.
- Friedlander, Saul. When Memory Comes. Translated from the French by Helen R. Lane. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1979.
- Friedman, Philip. Their Brother's Keepers: The Christian Heroes and Heroines who Helped the Oppressed Escape the Nazi Terror. New York: Crown Publishers, 1957; Holocaust Library, 1978.
This was one of the first books about the rescuers, the result of ten years of research involving early interviews with both rescuers and survivors. Currently out of print, though some copies may be found in libraries or are available through used book dealers.
- Fry, Varian. Assignment Rescue: An Autobiography. New York: Scholastic, Inc., 1945; 1992.
A chronicle of the work of Varian Fry and the Centre Americain de Secours who helped over 2,000 people to escape legally and illegally from Vichy France.
- Fuchs, Abraham. The Unheeded Cry. New York: Artscroll, 1986.
Subtitled: "The gripping story of Rabbi Weissmandl, the valiant Holocaust leader who battled both Allied indifference and Nazi hatred." An unusual account of a rabbi who tried to stop the trains to Auschwitz.
- Geier, Arnold & Friedman, T.G. Heroes of the Holocaust: Extraordinary True Accounts of Triumph. Berkeley Publishing Group, 1998.
I'd have to say that this falls into the eulogistic school of rescuer accounts, portraying the rescuers as inspiring heroes in a two-dimensional kind of way. Yet, I'd recommend it for children, especially considering that some of the other accounts geared toward juvenile readers (Opdyke's In My Hands for instance) include content such as the protagonist exchanging sex for the continued safety of her Jewish charges.
- Gershon, Karen. We Came as Children. London: Gollancz, 1966.
An account of the Kindertransport.
- Gershon, Karen. A Lesser Child. Chester Springs, PA: Dufour Editions, Inc., 1994.
An alternate account of the Kindertransport written by the same author nearly thirty years later.
- Gies, Miep. with Gold, Alison. Anne Frank Remembered: The Story of the Woman Who Helped to Hide the Frank Family. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1987.
Simple, understated, yet morally humbling account by one of the most celebrated Holocaust rescuers.
- Gilbert, Martin. The Righteous: The Unsung Heroes of the Holocaust New York: Henry Holt & Company, 2003.
Publishers Weekly describes this book as a “comprehensive examination by a noted historian, recounted largely through first-person accounts by the Jews they rescued.... These thumbnail sketches of rescuers, their methods and, in some cases, the horrors they endured as a result of their courageous choices haven't previously been gathered in one volume.” Walter Laquer writing for the New York Times finds that the book is strong on breadth but weak on depth, noting only brief entries for each rescuer, and almost no interpretation.
- Gissing, Vera. Pearls of Childhood. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1988.
First person account of the Kindertransport.
- Gold, Leslie. A Special Fate: Chiune Sugihara, Scholastic, 2000.
A young person's biography of Sugihara by the woman who helped Miep Gies write Anne Frank Remembered.
- Goldberger, Leo (Ed.) The Rescue of the Danish Jews: Moral Courage Under Stress . New York: New York University Press,1987.
An interdisciplinary collection of essays, including first-person accounts, which explore the question of why the Danes risked their lives to rescue their Jewish population. The effect, according to Dennis B. Klein, is to “show in unique fashion the preconditions, or the possibilities, of collective courage.”
- Good, Michael The Search for Major Plagge: The Nazi Who Saved Jews. New York: Fordham University Press, 2006.
“Good, the son of two Holocaust survivors . . . informs us that Karl Plagge, a German army officer, saved his mother and more than 250 other Jews . . . . His primary method of resistance against the genocide was to give work permits to Jews, allowing them to save themselves and their families from the aktions that swept the Vilna ghettos.”—Booklist
- Green, G. The Legion of Noble Christians: The Sweeney Survey. New York: Trident Press, 1965.
- Greenfeld, Howard. The Hidden Children His List: The Man, the Book, the Film, the Holocaust and Its Survivors. New York: Ticknor & Fields,1993.
This book describes the experiences of those Jewish children who survived in hiding during the Holocaust. Includes many photographs and reminiscences of the “hidden children.”
- Gross, Leonard. The Last Jews of Berlin. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1982.
A brilliantly orchestrated account of those who rescued Jews in Hitler's Berlin. The Los Angeles Times describes it as a “tour de force,” likening the writing style to that of Truman Capote in his nonfiction novelIn Cold Blood.
- Gushee, David P. Righteous Gentiles of the Holocaust: Genocide and Moral Obligation. Paragon House, 2003.
In this well-documented and authoritative book, Gushee explores the full range of Gentile responses to the plight of the Jews from overt hostility and obscene brutality to altruistic rescue, the better to understand the achievements of truly righteous Gentiles.
- Gushee, David P. The Righteous Gentiles of the Holocaust: A Christian Interpretation. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1994.
- Gut Opdyke, Irene with Elliot, J.M. Into the Flames: The Life Story of a Righteous Gentile . San Bernardino, CA: The Borgo Press, 1992. [An earlier version of the bestseller In My Hands. See “Opdyke.”]
- Gutman, Y. & Zuroff, E. (Eds.) Rescue Attempts during the Holocaust: Proceedings of the Second Yad Vashem International Historical Conference, Jerusalen, 8-11 April, 1974. New York: Ktav Publishing House, 1978.
- Haesler, A. The Lifeboat is Full: Switzerland and the Refugees, 1933-1945. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1969.
- Haestrup, Jorgen. The Secret Alliance. 3 volumes. New York: New York University Press, 1985.
- Haest rup, Jorgen. Passage to Palestine: Young Jews in Denmark 1932-1945. Odense: Odense University Press, 1983.
- Philip Hallie. Lest Innocent Be Shed: The Story of the Village of Le Chambon and How Goodness Happened There. New York: Harper & Row, 1979. Re-released in 1994 with new foreward by the author.
One of the truly enduring works about the rescuers, this book follows Professor Hallie's quest to understand how the small Protestant village of Le Chambon could have quietly and peacefully saved the lives of thousands of Jewish people. A very thoughtful and heartfelt approach, though one that is more focused on philosophical and ethical considerations than history per se.
- Halter, Marek. La force du Bien Paris: Robert Laffont, 1995.
This book was released after the movie Tsedek that Halter did on the subject.
- Halter, Michael. Stories of Deliverance: Speaking with Men and Women who Rescued Jews from the Holocaust. Peru, IL: Carus Publishing Co., 1998.
- Hanser, Richard. A Noble Treason: The Revolt of the Munich Students against Hitler. New York: Putnam, 1979.
This book reports on the anti-Hitler activities of certain German students, including the members of the White Rose group, who tried to influence the German public to reject the Nazi agenda.
- Harris, Mark Jonathan & Oppenheimer, Deborah. Into the Arms of Strangers: Stories of the Kindertransport. New York and London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2000.
“For nine months prior to World War II, Britain conducted an extraordinary rescue mission, opening its doors to 10,000 children at risk from the Nazi regime—ninety per cent of them Jewish—from Germany, Austria, and Czechoslovakia. These children were taken into foster homes and hostels in Britain, expecting eventually to be reunited with their parents, though most of them never saw their families again.” Kindertransport Website
- Hayman, Eva. By the Moon and the Stars. Random Century New Zealand Ltd, 1992.
A first person account of the Kindertransport.
- Hebrew University Contemporary Jewry Oral History Collection : Part II, World War II, the Holocaust, Resistance, and Rescue. New York Times Oral History Program. Glen Rock, N.H. : Microfilming Corp. of America, 1975.
- Hellman, Peter. Avenue of the Righteous: Portraits in Uncommon Courage of Christians and the Jews They Saved from Hitler. New York: Atheneum, 1980; New York: Bantam Books, 1981.
Hellman uses a New Yorker-style nonfiction approach to profile five rescuers, each from a different European country. Out of print, but see next listing.
- Hellman, Peter. When Courage was Stronger than Fear. Marlowe & Co., 1999.
Reissue of Avenue of the Righteous, with new foreward by the author.
- Henry, Frances. Victims and neighbors: A Small Town in Nazi Germany Remembered. South Hadley, Mass.: Bergin & Harvey, 1984.
- Herzer, Ivo. The Italian Refuge: Rescue of Jews during the Holocaust. Washington: Catholic University Press, 1989.
A fine collection of essays on Italian rescue.
- Hoffman, P. The History of the German Resistance: 1933-1945. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1978.
- Horbach, M. Out of the Night. New York: Frederick Fell, 1967.
- Huneke, Douglas D. The Moses of Rovno: The Stirring story of Fritz Graebe. New York: Dodd Mead, 1985.
- Iranek-Osmecki, K. He Who Saves One Life: A Documented Story of the Poles who Struggled to Save the Jews during World War II. New York: Crown, 1971.
- Isenberg, Sheila. A Hero of Our Own: The Story of Varian Fry. New York: Random House, 2001.
- Isaacman, C. Clara's Story. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1984
- Jason, Philip and Iris Posner. (Eds.) Don't Wave Goodbye: The Children's Flight From Nazi Persecution to American Freedom New York: Praeger Greenwood, 2004.
“This collection of selected primary sources showcases the stories of several of the so-called one thousand children-children brought to the United States between 1934 and 1945 in response to Hitler's policies of genocide....this excellent study is recommended for both public and academic libraries with Holocaust collections.”—Library Journal
- Jens, Inge. (Ed.) At the Heart of the White Rose: Letters and Diaries of Hans and Sophie Scholl. New York: Harper & Row, Pub., 1987.
Though not directly involved in rescue attempts, the German White Rose group are notable for their public opposition to the Nazi movement and it’s actions. “We will not be silent. We are your bad conscience. The White Rose will not leave you in peace.”
- Kahane, Rabbi David. Lvov Ghetto Diary. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1991.
Kahane was a Ukrainian Jew who survived the Holocaust by having been taken in by an archbishop, while his wife and daughter were hidden in convents. Library Journal describes his memoir as “a book notable for its intellectual and theological probing, its sensitive portraits of fellow Jews and the decent Ukrainians who sheltered him.”
- Keizer, Garret. Help: The Original Human Dilemma. San Francisco: Harper SanFrancisco, 2004.
As he reaches the age of fifty, Keizer finds himself in a “dark wood” regarding his efforts throughout his life to be of help as a neighbor, husband, father, schoolteacher, and priest. He works through his personal conundrum by writing this brilliant (if sometimes a bit depressing) extended essay that examines help in all its forms. Chapter Five is devoted to Holocaust rescuers, and makes for rich yet informal philosophical reading.
- Keneally, Thomas. Schindler's List New York: Touchstone, 1993.
A literary portrayal of the German profiteer-turned rescuer, based on the testimony of those whose lives were saved by being on his famed list. Spielberg's movie was based on this novel.
- Keuning-Tichelaar, Ar and Lynn Kaplanian-Buller. Passing on the Comfort: The War, the Quilts, and the Women Who Made a Difference. Intercourse, Pennsylvania: Good Books, 2005.
- Kimche, Jon & Kimche, David. The Secret Roads. London: Secker and Warburg, 1954.
This work discusses those who found ways to escape to Palestine during the Nazi years.
- Klempner, Mark. The Heart Has Reasons: Holocaust Rescuers and Their Stories of Courage. Cleveland: Pilgrim Press, 2006.
I admit, I'm a bit partial to this one, seeing as I wrote it. I'll allow Holocaust historian Christopher R. Browning, who provides the foreward, to comment: "Like no other work I have read, Klempner's deeply moving book puts a human face on the Holocaust rescuers."
- Kranzler, David. Holocaust Hero: The Untold Story and Vignettes of Solomon Schonfeld, An Extraordinary British Orthodox Rabbi Who Rescued Four Thousand During the Holocaust New York: KTAV Publishing House, 2003.
- Kranzler, David and Joseph I. Lieberman. The Man Who Stopped the Trains to Auschwitz: George Mantello, El Salvador, and Switzerland's Finest Hour Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2001.
Switzerland yes, but who would have thought that El Salvador was involved with saving Jews! This book explains the link, and the man behind the rescue efforts.
- Kren, George M. & Rappoport, Leon H. The Holocaust and the Crisis of Human Behavior. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1980.
- Lacqueur, Walter. The Terrible Secret: Suppression of the Truth about Hitler's Final Solution. Boston: Little Brown, 1980.
An authoritative treatment of what was known by perpetrators, victims, and bystanders (including the Vatican and the Allies) and what was done with that knowledge. Laqueur's distinction between knowledge and information is pivotal to understanding inaction.
- Lapomarda, Rev. Vincent S.J. The Jesuits and the Third Reich. Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1989.
This book recounts the efforts of the Jesuits to act as rescuers and assist in the resistance against the Nazis during the Holocaust.
- Laqueur, Walter, & Breitman, Richard. Breaking the Silence. (Tauber Institute for the Study of European Jewry, No 18).
- Lampe, David. The Danish Resistance. New York: Ballantine, 1960.
- Land-Weber, Ellen. To Save A Life: Stories of Jewish Rescue. University of Illinois Press, 1996.
Illustrated narratives of six rescuers (all Yad Vashem honorees) paired with stories and related material of Jewish people they rescued.
- Lande, D.A. Resistance!: Occupied Europe and Its Defiance of Hitler. Motorbooks International, 2000.
A historical narrative that gives an overview of the organized and often armed resistance, including its attempts to rescue Jews.
- Larsen, Anita & Watling, James. Raoul Wallenberg: Missing Diplomat (History's Mysteries).
- Laska, Vera. Women in the Resistance and in the Holocaust: The Voices of Eyewitnesses. Westport Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1983.
- Latour, Anny. The Jewish Resistance in France (1940-1944). New York: Holocaust Library, 1970.
- Lazare, Lucien. Le Livre des Justes [The Book of the Just] Paris: Jean-Claude Lattes, 1993.
This book documents Holocaust rescue efforts in France.
- Lazare, Lucien. Rescue as Resistance: How Jewish Organizations Fought the Holocaust in France. translated by Jeffrey M. Green. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.
- Le Boucher, F. The Incredible Mission of Father Benoit. Translation by J.F. Bernard. New York: Doubleday, 1969.
- Lester, Elenore. Wallenberg: The Man in the Iron Web. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1984.
- Leuner, H.D. When Compassion Was A Crime: Germany's Silent Heroes 1933-1945. London: Wolf, 1966.
- Leverton, Bertha & Lowensohn, Shmuel. I Came Alone: Stories of the Kindertransport. Sussex, England: The Book Guild Ltd., 1990.
- Levine, Helen. Darkness Over Denmark: The Danish Resistance and the Rescue of the Jews. New York: Holiday House, 2000.
- Levine, Hillel. In Search of Sugihara: The Elusive Japanese Diplomat Who Risked His Life to Rescue 10,000 Jews from the Holocaust. New York, N.Y.: Free Press, 1996.
A rescuer whose story has just recently been documented, Sugihara issued thousands of visas to enable Jews to escape to Japan. This fine biography is by a sociologist who chaired the Judaic Studies department at Boston University.
- Lewy, Gunther. The Catholic Church and Nazi Germany. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964.
- Linnea, Sharon. Raoul Wallenberg: The Man Who Stopped Death.
- Loeffer, Martha. Boats in the Night: Knud Dyby's Involvement in the Rescue of the Danish Jews and the Danish Resistance . San Francisco: The Holocaust Oral History Project.
A royal guardsman and member of the Danish resistance, Dyby helped to organize the rescue of the Danish Jews.
- Lowrie, D. The Hunted Children. New York: W.W. Norton, 1963.
- Lowry, Lois. Number the Stars . New York: Laurel Leaf, 1998.
Short, moving, historically-accurate novel about the Danish rescuers that won the Newbery Award. Suitable for ages 9 and up.
- McCarthy, Edward V. Jr. The Pied Piper of Helfenstein. Garden City, N.Y.: Published for the Crime Club by Doubleday, 1975.
Fictional account of an American GI (2nd generation American of German/Jewish ancestry) who goes AWOL and disguises himself as an SS officer in order to rescue children.
- Macaulay, Jacqueline R. & Berkowitz, Leonard (Eds.) Altruism and Helping Behavior. New York: Academia Press, 1970.
- Marchione, Margherita. Yours Is a Precious Witness: Memoirs of Jews and Catholics in Wartime Italy. Paulis t Press, 1997.
This book presents personal narratives of Italian rescuers and those they saved. It also defends Pope Pius XII, by claiming that the rescuers were acting under his orders, or doing what he would have wanted them to do. Pius XII has been severely criticized for his inaction during the Holocaust; contrasting viewpoints to Marchione's can be found in such books as Under His Very Windows (Zucotti), Constantine's Sword (Carroll), and The Catholic Church and the Holocaust 1930-1965 (Phayer).
- Marshall, R. In the Sewers of Lvov. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1990.
- Marton, Kati. Wallenberg: Missing Hero. New York: Random House, 1982.
- McCann, Michelle R. Luba: The Angel of Bergen-Belsen, as told by Luba Tryszynska-Frederick. Berkeley: Tricycle Press, 2003.
Luba was a Jewish woman who performed the almost unbelievable feat of rescuing, hiding, and nurturing forty-six children intended for death within the concentration camp where Anne Frank and many other children died. This short illustrated book is appropriate for young readers (ages 8 and up), as well as adults.
- Melchior, Marcus. A Rabbi Remembers. New York: Lyle Stuart, 1968.
- Meltzer, Milton. Rescue: The Story of How Gentiles Saved Jews in the Holocaust. New York: Harper & Row, 1988.
- Mendelsohn, Daniel. The Lost: A Search for Six of Six Million. New York: HarperCollins, 2006.
Mendelsohn's highly acclaimed book about his search to find out how his great uncle and other relatives in the Ukraine died during the Holocaust includes a story of an unsuccessful rescue attempted by the Catholic boyfriend of one of the daughters.
- Mendelsohn, John. Relief and Rescue of Jews from Nazi Oppression, 1943-1945. New York: Garland Pub., 1982.
- Milton, Sybil. Rescue to Switzerland: the Musy and Saly Mayer Affairs. New York: Garland Pub., 1982.
- Mochizuki, Ken. Passage to Freedom: The Sugihara Story Illustrated by Dom Lee, Afterword by Hiroki Sugihara. New York: Lee & Low Books, Inc., 1997.
A children's book about the Holocaust that is both beautiful and deeply moving. Hiroki Sugihara was five year's old, the eldest son of the Japanese consul to Lithuania, when his father was faced with a grave decision: whether or not to grant visas to Jewish refugees, against his government's explicit orders. Through Hiroki's eyes, we too see the events of those crucial days.
- Monroe, Kristen Renwick. The Hand of Compassion: Portraits of Moral Choice during the Holocaust. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004.
Described by Publishers Weekly as a “dense but fascinating treatise on moral psychology,” this book also includes interview transcripts with five rescuers. Those wanting to understand where the values and ethical thinking of the rescuers fits in with currents of philosophical thought will find it especially valuable.
- Moore, Bob. Victims and Survivors: The Nazi Persecution of the Jews in the Netherlands 1940 -1945. London: Arnold Press, 1997.
This book has an fine chapter on rescue in the Netherlands which is set up and put into context by the other chapters, which are also excellent.
- Muus, Flemming. The Spark and the Flame. London: Museum Press, 1957.
- Nicholson, Michael & Winner, David. Raoul Wallenberg: The Swedish Diplomat Who Saved 100,000 Jews from the Nazi Holocaust Before Mysteriously Disappearing (People Who Have Helped the World Series).
- Nissim, Gabriele. L'uomo che ferm?ï¿½ Hitler ("The Man who Stopped Hitler"). Italy: Mondadori, 1998. Also available in German translation from Bertelsmann as Der Mann, der Hitler Stoppte.
“Dimitar Peshev (1894-1973) is remembered as the somewhat neglected Bulgarian hero who in 1943, as vice-president of the National Assembly, stopped the deportation of the 48,000 Jews of his country. After the War he was brought to trial by the Communists and persecuted for the rest of his life.” For information on the man, and the book, see the Peshev Memorial and a report of the official commemoration.
- Novak, Zdenka. When Heaven's Vault Cracked: Zagreb Memories Braunton, Devon : Merlin, 1995.
- Oliner, Pearl M. et al. Embracing the Other: Philosophical, Psychological, and Historical Perspectives on Altruism. New York: New York University Press, 1992.
- Oliner, S. Restless Memories. Berkeley: Judah L. Magnes Museum, 1979.
- Oliner, Samuel P. & Oliner, Pearl M.The Altruistic Personality: Rescuers of Jews in Nazi Europe. New York: The Free Press, 1988.
A classic study of the social psychology of rescuers and their values. Essential reading for those interested in a more scientific approach toward understanding the rescuers’ motivations.
- Omer, Devorah. The Teheran Operation: The Rescue of Jewish Children from the Nazis (Based on the Biographical Sketches of David and Rachel Laor). [English translation, Riva Rubin]. Washington, D.C.: B’nai B’rith Books, 1991.
- Opdyke, Irene Gut with Jennifer Armstrong. In My Hands: Memories of a Holocaust Rescuer . New York: Anchor Books, 2001. [see also "Gut Opdyke"]
Opdyke's bestselling memoir of the Jews she saved in Poland is both a “thrilling adventure story” and also an inspirational “drama of moral choice and courage.” Available in both adult and juvenile editions, and suitable for 8th grade and up.
- Orenstein, H. I Shall Live. New York: Beaufort Books, 1987.
- Orlev, V. The Man from the Other Side. Translation by H. Halkin. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1991.
- Paldiel, Mordecai. The Path of the Righteous: Gentile Rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust. New York: Ktav, 1993.
- Paldiel, Mordecai. Saving the Jews . Rockville: Schreiber, 2000
Forty-seven short rescuer accounts from forty different countries, compiled by the director of the “Righteous Among the Nations” program at the Yad Vashem Memorial in Jerusalem.
- Paldiel, Mordecai. Sheltering the Jews: Stories of Holocaust Rescuers. Augsburg /Fortress Publishers,1995.
- Pettit, Jayne. A Place to Hide: True Stories of Holocaust Rescues. New York: Scholastic, 1993
Six narratives from survivors; suitable for middle school and up.
- Phayer, Michael. Protestant and Catholic Women in Nazi Germany. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1990.
- Perl, William R. Operation Action: Rescue from the Holocaust. New York : F. Ungar Pub. Co., 1983. [Rev. ed. of: The Four-front War, 1979.]
- Petrow, Richard. The Bitter Years: The Invasion of Denmark and Norway, April 1940-May 1945. New York: Morrow, 1974.
- Pundik, Herbert. In Denmark It Could Not Happen: The Flight of the Jews to Sweden in 1943. London: Gefen Publishing House, Ltd., 1998.
Translated from the Danish, this is the story of rescue in Denmark by one of the Jews who were saved.
- Ramati, Alexander, as told by Padre Rufino Niccacci. The Assisi Underground: The Priests who Rescued Jews. New York: Stein & Day, 1978.
Using letters, dairies, and official Church documents, Ramati recounts the story of Niccacci, the Franciscan priest who with other Italian Catholic clergy helped to organize the rescue of Jews during the German occupation.
- Rautkallio, Hannu. Finland and the Holocaust: The Rescue of Finland's Jews. New York: Holocaust Library, 1987.
Translated from the Finnish, this is the only book we have come across about the rescue of Finland's Jews.
- Reilly, Robin. The Sixth Floor. London: Leslie Frewin, 1969.
- Reiss, J. The Upstairs Room. New York: Bantam Books, 1972.
- Rigg, Bryan Mark Rescued from the Reich: How One of Hitler's Soldiers Saved the Lubavitcher Rebbe. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004; 2006.
“Writing in a clean, dramatic voice but with strict historical accuracy and nuanced analysis, Rigg details how, at the instigation of American Lubavitchers and some sympathetic officials in FDR's administration, highly placed German military men—including Helmut Wohlthat, an anti-Semitic aide to Göring who felt saving the rebbe would be a good public relations move, and Maj. Ernst Bloch, who had a Jewish father—conspired to spirit the ailing rebbe from Warsaw to Riga, and then Stockholm, where he sailed for New York.”—Publishers Weekly
- Rittner, Carol & Myers, Sondra (Eds.) The Courage to Care: Rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust. New York: New York University Press, 1986; 1991.
The companion volume to the award-winning documentary of the same name, this handsome introduction to the rescuers consists of short personal narratives, photos, and brief essays by Elie Wiesel, and four others.
- Rosenfeld, Harvey. Raoul Wallenberg. New York: Holmes & Meier, 1995.
- Roi, Emilie. A Different Story: About a Danish Girl in World War Two. Dallas, Texas: Rossel Books, 1987.
- Rochman, L. The Pit and the Trap: A Chronicle of Survival. New York: Holocaust Library, 1983.
- Rose, L. The Tulips are Red. New York: A. S. Barnes, 1978.
- Roseman, Mark. A Past in Hiding; Memory and Survival in Nazi Germany. New York: Henry Holt, 2001.
- Rosenfeld, Harvey. The Swedish Angel of Rescue: The Heroism and Torment of Raoul Wallenberg. Buffalo, New York: Prometheus Books, 1982.
- Rotenberg, A. Emissaries: A Memoir of the Riviera, Haute-Savoie, Switzerland, and World War II. Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press, 1987.
- Roth-Hano, R. Touch Wood: A Girlhood in Occupied France. New York: Four Winds Press, 1988.
- Rubinek, S. So Many Miracles. New York: Viking Penguin, 1988.
- Ryan, Michael D. (ed.) Human Responses in the Holocaust: Perpetrators and Victims. Bystanders and Resisters. New York: E. Mellen, 1981.
- Rybak, Rywka. A Survivor of the Holocaust. Cleveland, Ohio: Prologue Publications, 1993.
- Sadan, Inge. No Longer a Stranger. Jerusalem: Inge Sadan, 1999.
First person account of the Kindertransport.
- Sakamoto, Pamela Rotner. Japanese Diplomats and Jewish Refugess: A World War II Dilemma. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1998.
- Samson, Naomi. Hide. University of Nebraska Press, 1999.
A first person account of a women who survived as a “hidden child” in Poland.
- Samuel, Diane. Kindertransport. [play] Plume, 1995.
- Sanders, Gordon F. The Frank Family That Survived. London: Hutchinson, 2004.
The author tells the story of his grandfather, Myrtil Frank, who, like Otto Frank, was also a German Jew that took his family into hiding in Holland. In contrast to the tragedy that ensued with Otto’s family, all the members of Sanders’ family survived the war. Sanders’ painstaking research results in a thorough history of the Netherlands during the Nazi occupation, framed by the saga of his forbears in hiding.
- Sarner, Harvey. Rescue in Albania: One Hundred Percent of Jews in Albania Rescued From Holocaust. Brunswick Press, 1997.
The only book we've located about rescue in Albania.
- Segal, Lore. Other People's Houses. New York: The New Press, 1994.
First person account of the Kindertransport.
- Seghers, Anna. Das Siebte Kreuz: Ein Roman aus Hitlerdeutschland [The Seventh Cross: A Novel from Hitler's Germany] 1942.
This novel tells the story of seven escapees from a concentration camp. While it is a work of fiction, it may still be of interest: Written in the late 30s-early 40s, and published in 1942, it was immediately translated and became a big bestseller in a number of allied countries, including the U.S. It was even printed in an “armed forces edition” for U.S. troops. An English translation with a foreword by Kurt Vonnegut and an afterword by Dorothy Rosenberg has recently been published by New York: Monthly Review Press, 1987 as part of the Voices of Resistance series.
- Scholl, Inge. Six Against Tyranny. , translated from the German by Cyrus Brooks. London:J. Murray, 1955.
- Scholl, Inge. Students Against Tyranny: The Resistance of the White Rose, Munich, 1942-1943. Translated from the German by Arthur R. Schultz. Middletown, Conn., Wesleyan University Press, 1970.
- Scholl, Inge. The White Rose: Munich 1942-1943. Middletown, Conneticutt: Wesleyan University Press,1983.
A slim yet incredibly powerful book that recounts the brave lives of Hans and Sophie Scholl of the German White Rose movement as remembered by their sister, Inge Scholl. Included is the text of the anti-Hitler leaflets they wrote and distributed, and for which they were executed by the Nazi authorities.
- Schreiber, Marion. The Twentieth Train: The True Story of the Ambush of the Death Train to Auschwitz . Shaun Whitesidel (trans). New York: Grove Press, 2004.
Written by a journalist for Der Spielgel and translated from the German where it was more aptly titled “Silent Rebels,” this book tells the story of the resistance in Belgium, and, in its last third, the tale of three Belgian resisters who mounted a guerilla attack on a train carrying 1,600 Jews to Auschwitz.
- Sherman, A. J. Island Refuge: Britain and Refugees from the Third Reich. Essex, U.K.: Frank Cass Publications, 1994.
- Silver, Eric. The Book of the Just: The Silent Heroes who Saved Jews from Hitler. New York: Grove Press, 1992.
- Skoglund, Elizabeth. A Quiet Courage : Per Anger, Wallenberg's Co-Liberator of Hungarian Jews.
- Staub, Ervin. The Roots of Evil: The Origins of Genocide and other Group Violence. Cambridge University Press, 1989.
- Stein, Andre. Quiet Heroes: True Stories of the Rescue of Jews by Christians in Nazi-occupied Holland. New York: New York University Press, 1988.
- Stræde, Therkel with H. Rovsing Olsen.October 1943:The Rescue of the Danish Jews from Annihilation Copenhagen: Royal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Museum of Danish Resistance 1940-1945.
- Sugihara, Yukiko. Visas For Life. Translated by Hiroki Sugihara. San Francisco, CA: Edu-Comm. Plus, 1995
Chiune and Yukiko Sugihara were responsible for saving an estimated 6,000 estimated Jewish lives in the Holocaust. As with certain other diplomats who issued visas to Jews, Chiune Sugihara acted against the direct orders of his government in issuing visas, a decision which his government condemned him after the war. This book is a translation, privately published, of an account by Chiune's wife, Yukiko. Available from Edu-Comm. Plus (Hiroki Sugihara) 236 West Portal Avenue #249, San Francisco, CA 94127.
- Suslensky, Yakov. True Heroes. Kiev, Ukraine: Jewish-Ukrainian division of the Center of Cultural Links and historico-literary society "LITOPYS".
“A touching account of the Holocaust in Ukraine, during which many Jews were saved by Ukrainians. . . . The book is a combination of oral history by real-life participants of the Holocaust drama and the author's analysis of the events, containing numerous photographs, letters, and poems dated from the War times to the present day. This work is also remarkable for publishing documents that were either kept secret or made public in a distorted way by the Soviet government. The author, Yakov Suslensky, is a Ukrainian Jew who lived through the Holocaust. He was arrested and sentenced in 1970 to seven years of concentration camps for his work to enforce the Declaration of Human Rights in the USSR, labeled as ‘anti-Soviet propaganda.’” Available from: Tanya Puchkova, 20 College Dr., Roscommon, MI
- Szpilman, Wladyslaw. The Pianist, England: Gollancz,New York: Picador USA, 2002.
Szpilman's memoir, suppressed by the Polish government shortly after its publication in 1946, tells the story of the young man's difficult survival in wartime Warsaw. The power of music, provides Szpilman with the determination to go on and literally saves him several times. This account also contains extracts from the diary of a German officer who saved Szpilman's life. Captain Wilm Hosenfeld's extraordinary reflections on the war, and the epilogue by German writer Wolf Bierman describing the many times that Hosenfeld came to the aid of Jews and Poles are fitting companions to Szpilman's memoir. More than half a century later, it became an Academy Award-winning film.
- Tec, Nechama. When Light Pierced the Darkness: Christian Rescue of Jews in Nazi-Occupied Poland New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.
Dr. Tec, a sociologist at the University of Connecticut, holds the special qualification of having herself been hidden in Poland as a child during World War II. Her book is focused on Christian rescuers in Poland, whom she interviewed and researched assiduously.
- Tec, N. Dry Tears: The Story of a Lost Childhood. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.
- ten Boom, Corrie. See above under "Boom"
- Todorov, Tzvetan. The Fragility of Goodness: Why Bulgaria's Jews Survived the Holocaust.Arthur Denner, trans. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.
A fine book by a very thoughtful, indeed brilliant man. For an interesting New York Times article that quotes the author talking about his book, click here.
- Tokayu, M. & Swart, M. The Fugu Plan: The Untold Story of the Japanese and the Jews during WWII. New York: Paddington Press, Ltd., 1979.
- Tomaszewski, Irene, & Werbowski, Tecia. Zegota: The Rescue of Jews in Wartime Poland. Montreal, Quebec, Canada : Price-Patterson, 1994.
Zegota was an organization of Polish Jews and Christians which provided assistance to Jews in Poland during the Holocaust. The book Zegota, written by two women, a Jew and a Christian, contains many fascinating stories of courage and humanity.
- Troen, Selwyn Ilan (ed.) Organizing Rescue : National Jewish Solidarity in the Modern Period. edited by Selwyn Ilan Troen and Benjamin Pinkus. Portland, Or.: F. Cass, 1992.
- Tschuy, Theo and Simon Wiesenthal. Dangerous Diplomacy: The Story of Carl Lutz, Rescuer of 62,000 Hungarian Jews.Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2001.
- van Beek, Flory: look under Beek.
- Vinke, Hermann. The Short Life of Sophie Scholl including an interview with Ilse Aichinger; translated from the German by Hedwig Pachter. New York: Harper & Row, 1984.
A biography of Sophie Scholl of the German White Rose movement, who opposed the Nazis and was executed by them.
- Vlcko, P. In the Shadow of Tyranny: A History in Novel Form. New York: Vantage Press, 1973.
- Von Staden, W. Darkness over the Valley. New Haven & New York: Ticknor & Fields, 1981.
- Vos, J. Like a Cedar on the Lebanon. Leiden: A. W. Sythoff Vitgeversmaatschabpy M.V., 1952.
- Waagenar, S. The Pope's Jews. LaSalle, Ill.: Alcove, 1974.
- Wallenberg, Raoul & Board, Kjersti. Letters and Dispatches 1924-1945.
- Warhaftig, Zorach. Refugee and Survivor. Jerusalem: Yad VaShem: Torah Education Department, 1988.
The story of the rescue of thousands of Polish Jewish refugees, among whom were rabbis, yeshiva students and pioneers (“Halutzim”), and of their rehabilitation in Displaced Persons’ Camps. Rabbi Warhftig took an active part in these rescue attempts while in Lithuania, Japan and China.
- Weinstein, F. S. A Hidden Childhood: A Jewish Girl’s Sanctuary in a French Convent, 1942-1945. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux, 1985.
- Werbell, F.E. & Clarke, T. Lost Hero: The Mystery of Raoul Wallenberg. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1982.
- Werber, Jack. Saving Children: Diary of a Buchenwald Survivor and Rescuer. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1996.
- Werner, Emmy E. A Conspiracy of Decency: The Rescue of the Danish Jews during World War II. New York: Basic Book, 2004.
Dr. Werner, a developmental psychologist and research professor at UC Davis, may have written the definitive tome about the Danish rescue of the Jews. According to Publishers Weekly, it “offers a wealth of first-person material, placed within a factually accurate, well-crafted text.”
- Wolfe, J. Take Care of Josette: A Memoir in Defense of Occupied France. New York: Franklin Watts, 1981.
- Wood, E. Thomas & Jankowski, Stanislaw M. Karski: How One Man Tried to Stop the Holocaust John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1994.
This book retells the exploits of Jan Karski, a Roman Catholic member of the Polish underground resistance movement during World War II who survived Soviet captivity and Gestapo torture to bring his eyewitness account of the Nazi Holocaust to the free world in 1942. Jan Karski eventually carried his message to top Allied leaders, including U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. (Related Website):
- Wuorio, Eva-Lis. To Fight in Silence. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1973.
- Yahil, Leni. The Holocaust: The Fate of European Jews Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Comprehensive and insightful, built on a strong foundation of earlier work and research: a work of passion and power.
- Yahil, Leni. The Rescue of Danish Jewry: Test of a Democracy. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1969.
This book is considered a classic work on the rescue of the Jewish population of Denmark.
- Zajackowski, Wacaw & Waclaw. Martyrs of Charity. Saint Maximilian Kolbe, 1988.
- Zampieri, Stefano Il flauto d'osso Firenze, Editrice La Giuntina, 1996.
This book is dedicated to the literature of the lager, to the memories and to the testimonies of the Holocaust (Levi, Celan, Antelme, Wiesel, Amery, Sachs, and other notable figures.)
- Zassenhaus, H. Walls: Resisting the Third Reich&mdah;One Woman's Story. Boston: Beacon, 1974.
- Ziemian, J. The Cigarette Sellers of Three Crosses Square. London: Vallentine & Mitchell, 1970.
- Zilversmit, Kitty. Yours Always: A Holocaust Love Story. Bethesda: CDL Press, 1995.
- Zuccotti, Susan. The Italians and the Holocaust: Persecution, Rescue, and Survival.University of Nebraska Press, 1996.
An excellent account of rescue efforts in Italy that saved approximately 85% of the Jewish population. Historian Zucotti draws on the testimony of scores of Italian survivors and their rescuers.
These bibliographies were orignally compiled by Mary Mark, who maintained them until November 2000. Since then, they have been maintained by Mark Klempner. Links are chosen based on the quality and quantity of information they provide. If you know of better links, or have other suggestions, corrections, or addtions, please contact Mark.
Last update: July 2008